12 Shepherd Dog Breeds That Are the Talk of the Flock
German ShepherdThe ever-loyal German shepherd consistently ranks at the top of the most popular dog breeds in America, and it's easy to see why. With their calm, confident demeanor, these protective pups are eager to please and quick to learn.
Old English SheepdogOld English sheepdogs are intelligent, agile dogs with heavy, fluffy coats who are happiest when they are with their human family. Find out if the Old English sheepdog might be the right pet for your lifestyle.
Australian Cattle DogLoyal but independent, an affectionate Australian cattle dog is a great match for anyone who shares his intelligence, high energy, attention to detail, and activity level. Learn more about this exceptional herding dog.
Belgian Sheepdog (Belgian Shepherd)The Belgian sheepdog (also called the Belgian shepherd or Groenendael) has a long black coat, confident strut, and craves human attention. A herding dog with lots of brains and even more energy, he thrives in active households.
Once upon a time, there were many dangers that faced unaccompanied livestock—other wildlife, harsh weather conditions, you name it. The role of shepherds was to protect their animals and lead them where they needed to go. This role was so valuable and vital to farmers that the word "shepherd" became a symbol in Christianity. In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus refers to himself and is referred to as "the Good Shepherd."
Sunday School aside, dog breeders started to develop members of the herding group in order to accomplish essentially the same job that their human shepherd counterparts were doing. Enter: shepherd dog breeds.
What Are Herding Dogs?
Herding dogs, sometimes anointed with the name "shepherd," were bred in order to "gather, herd, and protect livestock," according to the American Kennel Club (AKC).
"The herding breeds evolved to assist man in moving, protecting, and acting as fences for livestock," Mari-Beth O'Neill, vice president of sport services for the AKC says. "Variations in the breeds are based upon the stock that they are used to work and the terrain and environment in which they work."
Today, herding dogs fulfill many of these same purposes on farms worldwide, especially border collies and Australian shepherds. From watching over sheep to tending to cattle, these breeds run a tight ship on their farms.
Other dogs of the herding group are commonly used on police forces in K-9 units or as TSA personnel (without the person part, obviously), like the German shepherd and the Belgian Malinois.
Altogether, these animals have acute instincts when it comes to controlling the movement of other animals. If you happen to own a herding dog, you may have noticed yourself being gently herded at times! All in good fun.
Why Do Some Dogs Have 'Shepherd' in Their Name, but Aren't Herding Dogs?
While breeds like the Anatolian shepherd have "shepherd" in their name, they are in fact not herding dogs. Instead, they were bred to serve a slightly different purpose on the farm, one of the guard dog variety.
"These breeds are flock guardian breeds that worked with the shepherd to tend the flock," O'Neill says.
Flock guardian breeds, instead of trying to control the movement of the flock, patrol within the flock in order to watch out for intruders who don't belong. According to Cornell University, this is because guardian breeds view the sheep as part of their own pack. What a bond!
And mnemonically, to put it bluntly, "shepherd" is a made-up name, just like John or Smith, Lisa Radosta of Florida Veterinary Services pointed out. Breeders who found a breed have the agency to pick whatever name they want!
But without further ado, here are 12 shepherd dog breeds we think you'll get a kick out of.
The Australian shepherd, affectionately known as an "Aussie," has been around since the 1800s. Surprisingly enough, these dogs don't actually come from Australia. They were primarily bred to herd and work on the American frontier among settlers of the west.
Now, they happen to be one of the most popular breeds among dog owners today, ranking 12th in the AKC's list of 2020's most popular dogs. They are incredibly intelligent and love to please their owners, which are two great attributes for training purposes.
However, because of their energy, Aussies thrive better under the eye of an experienced dog owner who can redirect their focus through both consistent training and exercise. If the classic afternoon nap is your go-to activity, this may not be the dog for you.
If you find yourself armed with a large backyard or with the willingness to walk or hike an average of 40 minutes every day, then you've got yourself a workout partner in the Aussie!
Someone's popular. The ever-loyal German shepherd is ranked as the third-most popular breed in the United States according to the AKC, most likely because of their calm and courageous demeanor.
German shepherds are also well-known for their appearances, featuring perked-up ears and almond eyes that can be misleadingly serious. The reality is that these stoic-looking dogs love their humans and really benefit from socialization with other dogs at a young age.
The German shepherd also loves exercise, much like the Australian shepherd, but German shepherds require even more exercise than their Aussie friends. The United Kingdom's People's Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA) recommends a whopping two hours per day of activity for these canines!
Ready for a linguistics lesson? The word "collie" is literally the Scottish word for "sheepdog."
Collies are a medium- to large-sized breed that are known both for their wedge-shaped faces and abundance of fur. This dog was originally found in northern England and the Scottish highlands and were notorious for protecting both livestock and the family members that lived on the farm. But soon, collies found themselves in more royal circles.
Once Queen Victoria discovered the breed while traveling in Scotland and adopted collies in several different colors, collies exploded in English popularity. Since then, several U.S. presidents have owned collies, and the collie has been featured in many fictional films.
Despite their elegance, collies both love to play and have great instincts when it comes to being around humans, knowing when it's time to scale back and be more gentle.
One tip about collie care: If you live in a hot climate, don't shave their long fur! Their coat will protect them from the heat as well as the cold. Cool! Literally.
Old English Sheepdog
Old English sheepdogs (OES) are the wearers of easily-recognizable coats of fur and also dawn an easily misconceived name. While their name suggests that the Old English sheepdog was bred to herd sheep, the fact is that they were actually bred as "drovers," tasked with moving livestock quickly from one location to another.
One of the most important aspects of owning an OES, if not the most important aspect, is the strict grooming needs of the breed. OESs have double coats and the grooming is largely underestimated by new owners. If not careful, it's possible for the undercoat to become completely matted down, requiring a complete shaving of the dog. Be sure to invest in a sturdy brush for daily grooming sessions to keep your pup comfortable between trips to a professional.
Like many of their other herding friends, the OES loves to be around people and general excitement. Be sure to schedule enough playtime and exercise time for your large friend!
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
If you don't live under a rock, it's probable that you know someone that loves corgis. After all, they were named the hottest dog breed of 2019 by the New York Post. This beloved breed parades around on short legs and is known for its happy demeanor that match its large grins.
Pembroke Welsh corgis are cute, but they need your help in order to stay that way. Featuring a double coat, corgis tend to shed regularly and will largely benefit from a weekly brush session.
The key to corgi care is to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Check that box, and they will be your loyal friend for many years.
Australian Cattle Dog
Looking for a dog that matches your determination? The Australian cattle dog (ACD) always finds work to be done and is incredibly efficient at getting the job done, which requires their owner to create tasks for them to complete.
Make sure to socialize these guys at a very young age in order to ensure appropriate interactions with other dog friends, adults, and kiddos. Understimulated ACDs may resort to destructive activities such as making a mess out of your new couch.
Another fun fact: One of the world's longest living dogs was an Australian cattle dog named Bluey who lived to be 29 years old. WHAAAAT?
Don't look now, but the Belgian Malinois (Mal) is easily mistaken for the German shepherd. Despite the similarities in their appearances, these two large breeds are unique!
The Mal was known in his home country of Belgium as being an expert herder, thanks to his hard-working character. They made their way to the United States in 1911 as one of the first Belgian breeds, but the popularity dipped during World War II when European imports were temporarily paused.
Shetland Sheepdog (Sheltie)
The Shetland sheepdog (Sheltie) is a sweetie. Try to say that five times fast! They strike an easy balance between affection and intelligence, meaning they'll easily forgive you if you mistake them for a collie.
They also strike a great balance of craving activity and relaxing when the day is at its end. Relaxing time is also a great opportunity to brush their beautiful coats once a week, which are ample with fluff!
While other herding breeds may tend to be a bit territorial when it comes to their humans, the Sheltie gets along famously with other family members, even if they are of the kitty cat variety. But if your Sheltie has the opportunity to meet an outsider, leave the greeting up to them so they can welcome new friends on their own terms.
The Beauceron (Beauce) is incredibly large and in charge, or in French, grand et en charge, as the largest French herding dog. They can weigh anywhere from 70–110 pounds, pairing brawn and brains in this one unique breed.
In the U.S., the Beauceron is not incredibly popular; they're found most typically on police forces or in military settings sniffing out bombs, tracking scents, and participating in search-and-rescue missions. Because of their intensity, they are typically unsuitable for first-time dog owners and owners who cannot devote every single day to exercising their dog.
Like other herding breeds, Beaucerons require now-and-again brushing to keep their coat healthy. But a unique trait of the breed is its dewclaws that need regular trimming. Dewclaws are thumb-like appendages that are now rendered non-essential, but your Beuce may prefer to keep them in order to grasp at certain objects. And they're kinda cool!
Get out of the way, your border collie is ready to run! That's why this friendly breed would thrive best on a ranch or a farm. Give them a task, and they will do you proud!
The border collie is incredibly smart and thrives with training. That's why they're regularly spotted competing in agility competitions, especially if they don't have a flock to herd at home. They are known as the premier herding dog in the world and are a relatively healthy breed, making them a dependable member of your family with an always-wagging tail.
Belgian Sheepdog (Groenendael)
This intelligent, watchful dog is the epitome of bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, featuring sparkly eyes and a fluffy black coat. The Belgian sheepdog, also known as the Belgian shepherd or Groenendael, is one of eight herding dogs who were originally native to Belgium, hence the name, including the Belgian Malinois.
Miniature American Shepherd
Besides the corgi, we saved one of the smallest herding breeds for last. The miniature American shepherd resembles the Australian shepherd, boasting a plethora of coat colors.
Putting the miniature in the miniature American shepherd, this dog will only grow to be an average of 20–40 pounds. In comparison to the Australian shepherd, that's about a 15-pound difference.
In true herding dog fashion, miniature American shepherds largely benefit from both mental and physical stimulation. They were initially bred to be smaller rodeo dogs and became especially popular with equestrians, which made them great travel companions!
In the mood for a cross-country trip? You may have the perfect travel buddy on deck with one of these pups.