Black Bouvier des Flandres

Bouvier des Flandres

Big, brainy, and boasting a shaggy double coat, the Bouvier des Flandres is a versatile working dog and family companion. But because of his intense grooming and activity needs, he’s not for everyone.
By Kristen Seymour
April 28, 2021
Bouvier des Flandres
Breed Group
Dog Size
Other Traits
Temperament

Bouvier des Flandres

height
  • 23.5-27.5 inches
weight
  • 70-110 pounds
life span
  • 10-12 years
breed size
  • large (61-100 lbs.)
good with
  • children
  • dogs
  • cats
  • families
temperament
  • gentle
  • willful
  • playful
  • aloof
intelligence
  • high
shedding amount
  • infrequent
exercise needs
  • high
energy level
  • active
barking level
  • when necessary
drool amount
  • low
breed group
  • herding
coat length/texture
  • medium
colors
  • black
  • fawn
  • gray
patterns
  • brindle
  • flecked / ticked / speckled
other traits
  • hypoallergenic
  • requires lots of grooming
  • strong loyalty tendencies
  • high potential for weight gain
  • loves water
  • cold weather tolerant
  • good hiking companion

Large and powerful with a shaggy, weather-proof double coat, the Bouvier des Flandres is a dog who can do it all. He was bred to be a versatile and hard-working farmhand, doing everything from herding livestock to churning butter (yep, you heard that right). Even as a family pet, he's happiest when given a job to do. And with a Bouvier in the house, you'll have a job to do as well—keeping his coat groomed and his distinctive beard clean is practically a 9–5 position, requiring time, patience, and a little elbow grease.

Appearance

With a thick, heavy beard and mustache, naturally tousled-looking coat, and overall commanding presence, the Bouvier des Flandres makes quite the first impression. And that's on top of his staggering size—this large dog breed can weigh 70–110 pounds. Add in his shaggy eyebrows and triangular ears, and, as they say, it's a look.

Traditionally, the giant Bouvier des Flandres' ears are cropped, though the practice is controversial. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, ear cropping is typically done for cosmetic reasons and has no proven health benefits. Plus, the procedure can be painful!

Black Bouvier des Flandres headshot
Bouvier des Flandres are known for their signature mustache, beard, and tousled-looking hair.
| Credit: volofin / Getty

His signature coat, which comes in colors including black, fawn, salt and pepper, and brindle, has two distinct layers: An outer coat with rough, coarse fur, and a fine, dense undercoat. Put them together and you've got serious water-resistance—and a recipe for major mats if you don't take his grooming needs seriously. That rough coat might keep out water, but it rarely meets dirt and debris it doesn't want to take home. 

Despite all that fur, his coat is low-dander and doesn't shed much. And while no dog is truly hypoallergenic, the Bouvier is considered the largest allergy-friendly breed and might be a good choice for some who sneeze around dogs.  

Temperament

The Bouvier des Flandres was bred to work, and he's happiest when he has a job to do. "They were the working farmer's dog who was put in charge when the farmer left, and they took that job seriously," says Pilar Kuhn, owner of La Chanson Bouviers in Southern California.

Bouviers are a member of the herding group, but their skills don't end with rounding up sheep. This versatile breed has impressive endurance and a long resume: He pulled carts, watched over livestock, and kept strangers off his owner's property. With all his talents, the Bouvier des Flandres is an independent spirit and not the right dog for everyone—especially first-time dog owners

Bouvier des Flandres puppy standing in grass
Black Bouvier des Flandres running
Left: Bouvier des Flandres puppies are adorable fluff balls that, like with all breeds, need ample socialization and training so they can be comfortable in new situations as adults. | Credit: Picsoftheday / Shutterstock
Right: Big as they are, Bouviers have a reputation for being bouncy. The "Bouvier bounce" comes from their herding days, and they can reach heights of up to six feet. | Credit: Produced by Oliver C Wright / Getty

"This is a big, hardy dog, and he needs a lot of physical stimulation compared to many other breeds," says Erin Askeland, CPDT-KA, CBCC-KA, and Camp Bow Wow's Animal Health and Behavior Consultant. Even experienced dog owners can find them challenging, she says; because they're so brainy, they require creativity and variation in their training. "You can't just ask them 10 times in a row for a sit," she says. "They'll get bored and walk away."

Bouviers are loyal and affectionate with their families, but can be wary of strangers. Given their daunting size, it's important that owners provide Bouvier des Flandres puppies with early socialization and consistent positive reinforcement training. This breed will look to the pack leader for direction, and his perception of who's in charge is all training. Involving the whole family, kids included, in your Bouvier's training is a great way to ensure he knows who to listen to.

A Bouvier des Flandres can be a wonderful playmate for children, but he may not be a great fit for families with babies or toddlers. His large size, paired with the fact that his excitable puppy stage can last 2–3 years, means he could accidentally knock little ones down.

Bouvier des Flandres standing in grass
Caring for a Bouvier des Flandres' coat is a labor of love. He needs constant grooming multiple times a week to stay free of mats and tangles.
| Credit: ~User7565abab_575 / Getty

His natural herding instinct is something to consider, too. Rambunctious children can tap into this instinct, which may lead to him attempting to round everyone up. Children should understand how to play respectfully with Bouviers (or any dog, for that matter), and be supervised.

Despite these herding tendencies, a Bouvier des Flandres does well around other pets. "He's not a retriever or a terrier; he doesn't want to chase other animals," Askeland says. "[The breed] is used to being on farms with other species, so he tends to be pretty social with other animals." 

Living Needs

For a sizable dog, the Bouvier doesn't need as much space as you might think. He's not well-suited for life in an apartment, but a home with a small fenced yard should suit him, especially with owners dedicated to exercise.

Bouvier des Flandres need consistent daily activity, which can be either a couple of long walks each day or something more intense such as training in agility. Engaging his need to work with fetching and learning tricks will also help burn off energy on days when you can't spend as much time outside. 

Bouvier des Flandres running an agility track
With their high intelligence and ample energy, Bouvier des Flandres are masters at dog sports. They're surprisingly agile for pups so big!
| Credit: GoDogPhoto / Getty

A Bouvier is a natural at most dog sports, including scent work, agility, and herding trials. He makes a fantastic running, hiking, and biking partner. Some Bouvier des Flandres love swimming while others prefer to be land-bound, and some owners choose to keep their pooches away from water because drying those coats is such an ordeal.

And while Bouviers may not be in your face with their affection, these loyal pups do like being near their people at all times. 

"They thrive when they're with their family," says Tom Larkins, a breed enthusiast who's been showing Bouviers since 1975. "Ours are never more than five feet away, at most. Often, you'll find them posting up in a spot that allows them to keep tabs on their people while having as many access points as possible in sight."

Bouvier des Flandres sitting in grass
Credit: ~User7565abab_575 / Getty

Care

To say it straight: The Bouvier des Flandres needs a lot of grooming. Plan to give him a thorough combing at least a couple times a week—which can take 30 minutes to an hour—and you'll want to take that opportunity to clean up his face, too. His nickname isn't "dirty beard" for nothing! 

Owners taking the DIY path should invest in the proper grooming tools, including a grooming table, and have their breeder or groomer instruct them on the proper way to comb and brush him so they don't miss any mats. Keeping your Bouvier's coat and beard trimmed will make upkeep a little easier, but he's never going to be low-maintenance. 

The period when they transition from their Bouvier des Flandres puppy coat to an adult coat is particularly difficult, Kuhn says, and you'll need to learn how to unmat their fur from the outside in. But no matter what you do, accept that his coat and beard will still end up dirty, full of debris, and tangled at times—and your home might get a little dirty, too. That's life with a Bouvier.

vintage image of man and Bouvier des Flandres on agility course
Handler Hank Plenke and his Bouvier Des Flandres compete in an agility contest in 1985. This pup was the first Bouvier in Australia to gain an obedience title.
| Credit: Fairfax Media Archives / Getty

This big breed is sensitive and requires patience, praise, and creativity during obedience training. To mix it up and keep his training interesting, add in tricks, some agility, and games, Askeland says.

"If you want a good dog, you need to spend the time to get him there," Larkins says. "The more time you spend on training, especially in the first year, the more it'll pay off when he's full grown." 

Health

The Bouvier des Flandres is an overall healthy breed that lives 10–12 years, but there are a few health tests the national breed club requires: Elbow and hip evaluations because dysplasia can be an issue, an ophthalmologist evaluation, and a cardiac exam. A thyroid evaluation isn't a requirement, but due to the Bouvier's risk of hypothyroidism, it's something owners may want to ask for.

With these deep-chested dogs, gastric dilation and bloat can be an issue. And, because the Bouvier matures slowly, it's important that owners not engage in high-impact activities, such as long runs, with him until they get the OK from their veterinarian.

Mats in his coat might not be considered a health issue, per se, but the importance of regular grooming can't be overemphasized. The Bouvier des Flandres coat will mat without regular combing. These can hold dirt, hide infections, and just be super painful in general, so consider proper grooming an essential aspect of your pup's health care. Brushing his teeth regularly and clipping his nails once or twice a month should also be added to the mix.

Photo of Ronald Reagan embracing a black dog in the Oval Office
Credit: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

History

Originating in the late 19th century in the region of Flanders—an area that included parts of modern-day France, Belgium, and The Netherlands—the Bouvier des Flandres was bred to be a herder. In fact, his French name translates to "cattle herder of Flanders."

But it wasn't long before the area's farmers realized the Bouvier des Flandres was capable of far more than herding, and he was put to work doing everything from herding to guarding to even churning butter. His power and endurance made him a valuable farmhand, but by the turn of the century, farms in the area were diminishing. This meant fewer farmers were in need of the Bouvier's work ethic.

Fortunately, European farmers weren't the only ones paying attention; dog fanciers in Europe found the breed fascinating, too. The Bouvier made his U.S. debut in the 1920s and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1963. Today, the Bouvier can still be found on farms, but he also works as guide dogs for the blind or hearing impaired and for tracking and drug detection.

Thinking about getting a puppy for yourself? The Bouvier des Flandres price can range, but you should expect to pay around $1,500–$2,500 or more.

Fun Facts

  • The Bouvier des Flandres is also known by several other rather descriptive names: vuilbaard ("dirty beard"), koe hund ("cow dog"), and toucheur de boeuf ("cattle drover").
  • First Lady Nancy Reagan famously said that Lucky, the Bouvier des Flandres she and President Ronald Reagan received as a gift in December 1984, grew from a “ball of fluff” to “be the size of a pony.” Lucky proved to be too much for the White House and by Thanksgiving the following year, the Reagans decided he'd be better off living at their California ranch.
  • Ever heard of the “Bouvier bounce”? Bouviers use a bouncing movement when herding to get a look at the opposite side of their herd, and they’ll sometimes do it when playing or excited, too. Pro tip: When they get going, get out of the way! At the top of a bounce, their heads can reach heights of six feet.